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The Gulen Movement: Civic Service without Borders

by Muhammed Cetin

The Gulen Movement: Civic Service without Borders This book seeks to develop an approp

: May 16, 2010 • 371 Pages • 16 x 22,5 • ISBN 9781935295082
: 9781935295082
: Current Affairs, Backlist, Fethullah Gulen,
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This book seeks to develop an appropriate discourse for studying the Gulen Movement and phenomena like it. The established discourse concerns itself with social movements as "protest," as "challenge" to the System, as contentious actors looking to alter or even overturn existing structures and/or policies in some field, usually political or economic. Approaching the matter from social movement theory and taking an insider's perspective, the author argues that the Gulen Movement is, as it has always been, non-contentious' it is not a marginalized actor working on the System from the outside. On the contrary, it has always worked within the System - within the boundaries of the laws and public norms that obtain in the different local and national settings where it has set up institutions.
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0.1 Particular and general aims of this studyxv
0.2 Methodological questionsxvii
0.2.1 Insider/Outsider research and perspectivexix
0.2.2 Methodological consequences of the researchxx
0.2.3 Data collection and presentationxxii
0.3 Present and future relevancexxiv
0.4 Organization of the bookxxiv
0.5 The argument in briefxxiv
0.6 The multi-polar approachxxvi
1: Theoretical background: Collective Action 
and Social Movements Theory1
1.1 Introduction1
1.2 Historical overview of collective action and social movements theory1
1.2.1 The ‘classical’ approaches2
1.2.2 The contemporary approaches3
1.3 Conclusion5
2: Historical Background11
2.1 Introduction11
2.2 Crises and conflicts; demands for modernization12
2.2.1 The Republican era: one-party rule12
2.2.2 Laicism14
2.2.3 Cultural revolution15
2.2.4 İnönü, ‘the National Chief’ and ‘Eternal Leader’18
2.2.5 Democrats, 1950–196020
2.2.6 Military coup d’état24
2.2.7 After the executions: 1961–197027
2.2.8 Military coup II32
2.2.9 Collapse of public order34
2.2.10 Military coup III38
2.2.11 New ‘order’39
2.2.12 The Özal years41
2.2.13 President Özal44
2.2.14 Political Islam?47
2.2.15 ‘Post-modern’ military coup48
2.2.16 Crash and corruption50
2.2.17 The return of Ecevit53
2.2 Implications of the historical background54
2.3 Conclusion60
3: Mobilization and Counter-mobilization63
3.1 Introduction63
3.2 The Gülen Movement64
3.2.1 Cultural mobilization: public space and making new issues visible64
3.2.2 Cultural and symbolic production69
3.2.3 Information and media74
3.2.4 Social mobility and professionalism81
3.2.5 Reflexivity or symbolic potential85
3.2.6 Transnational projects and recognition90
3.2.7 Altruistic action and its symbolic challenge94
3.2.8 The February 28 process and its aftermath95
3.2.9 (Re)defining democracy102
3.2.10 Induced resolution111
3.2.11 Success of the Movement111
3.3 Conclusion113
4: Conjunctural Factors119
4.1 Conceptualizing the Gülen Movement (GM)119
4.1.1 Is the GM a civil society initiative?119
4.1.2 Is the GM a reaction to a crisis and/or an expression of a conflict?122
4.1.3 Is the GM a sect or cult?134
4.1.4 Is the GM a political movement?149
4.1.5 Is the GM altruistic collective action and voluntary philanthropic 
4.2 Conclusion175
5: Internal Organizational Factors and Components181
5.1 Introduction181
5.2 The case of the Gülen Movement182
5.2.1 Identity, participation and relationship182
5.2.2 Goals201
5.2.3 Intervention, power and authority208
5.2.4 SMOs and commitment214
5.2.5 Leadership221
5.2.6 Incentives and rewards230
5.2.7 Factionalism235
5.3 Conclusion240
6: Summary and Conclusions247
6.1 Defining the Gülen Movement247
6.1.1 On social movements generally247
6.1.2 The Gülen Movement as cultural actor251
6.1.3 The Gülen Movement as civil society actor260
6.1.4 Internal factors in the Gülen Movement270
6.2 Implications for social movements theory283
Special Usages295

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Muhammed Cetin
Muhammed Cetin

Muhammed Cetin (Cetin) is a sociologist who has taught at a number of universities in the US. While in the US he worked on a voluntary basis as President of the Institute of Interfaith Dialog, USA. He wrote a weekly column for the international daily Today’s Zaman until he was elected to Parliament in Turkey for the AK Party. He was the Deputy Chairman of the Foreign Affairs committee of the Turkish Parliament and a member of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.

 He served from 2011 until the end of 2013, when he resigned from the party in protest at the actions of the Prime Minister, but continued to serve as an independent. 

He is the author of The Gulen Movement: Civic service without borders (2010) and Hizmet: Questions and Answers on the Gulen Movement (2012), both published by Blue Dome Press, New York.